Beth Niznik


OCTOBER 8, 2003


Fallacy #1: Affirming the Consequences


If  P then Q,

            P therefore Q


            Laura’s example: P = if they go to the movies

                                         Q = They have fun

                        Ex: They go to the movies,

                                Therefore they have fun.


~this doesn’t always work!!!




~ Discussed the paper: ask Professor Colunga for paper ideas.

~ Paper should be critique.

~ Can meet with Professor Colunga next week in the morning.


Random stuff:


~ Autonomy: without human input

~Self-sufficiency: being able to self preserve

*you can be self-sufficient and not autonomous*


            ~Artificial evolution:

                        using evolution principles.

                        Many different agents related to how they are coded.

                                    Some do better, some do worse (like survival of the fittest)

                                                Others inherit best survival traits.

            ~ The design perspective relates to natural systems and their intelligence

                        Ex: colony of termites

Take these principles of success that exist in nature and apply them to artificial designs.


Complete agent principle


            ~ complete agent: must be autonomous, self-sufficent, situated, and embodied.

            ~ Ex: anything living

            ~ humans are very redundant (e.g. adaptive)





Sensory-motor coordination:



~ Sensory-motor coordination is involved in perception, which is involved in intelligence.

~ Description is the same as identification.

~ Multi-senses are good and adaptive.


Cheap design principle:


            ~ Cheap design: most simple design is the best.

~ ecological balance: your environment must be matched to your senses and to your task.


Redundancy principle:


            ~ Redundancy principle: over lap in the sensory

                        Relates to redundancy in statistical regularities

            ~ Redundancy can result in diversity

                        “Extra stuff to do extra stuff” J


Ecological balance principle:


            ~Hard to evaluate how balanced something is.

                        Class concludes that it cannot be done.


Value principle:


            ~ Similar to the idea of conditioning, which guides your learning and behavior.

            ~ Value principle: some things are more desirable than others.




~ Motivation: something that moves you to act, is internal (thus is cannot be observed)

            it is therefore hard to measure

~ Not included in list of 8 principles because it is not observable.