CT4521 notes 09/24

Notes for September 24, 2003




1.    “Red Herring Fallacy”: an irrelevant topic is presented to divert from the original topic


2.    If A=C; and B=C; its not necessarily true that A=B



Class notes:

Š      embodied cognitive science is an example of the synthetic approach

Š      embodied cognition and cognitivism are independent of each other

Š      some people believe it is a continuous battle trying to make AI as good as human intelligence

Š      by copying something you may be able to further understand how it was built




Frame Problem—

Š      automatic response you don’t really have to think about; common sense; you don’t have to go through all the consequences in your head

Š      parallel processing—thinking about two things at once

Š      if we have consciousness; why doesn’t a robot have a consciousness

Š      environment awareness and initiative need to be added to a robot

Š      people don’t need to pre-plan all the possibilities but you self-connect as you go


Homunculus Fallacy—

Š      circular accounts of psychological processes

Š      the homunculus is the internal mechanism

Š      the homunculus gives meaning to the input or symbols

Š      the homunculus is the little man in your head running the show

Š      we’d be stuck if we knew we had a homunculus and that’s its; it was not be very useful


Symbol Grounding—

Š      how symbols relate to other symbols in the computer

Š      the meaning of the symbol to the computer is not compatible to the real world; they are just symbols

Š      there needs to be an underlying understanding of what the symbol is to the computer


Autonomous Agents and Self-Suffiency—

Š      situatedness is having access to your environment; being able to react to your environment

Š      autonomy is independence; more related to self-suffiency

Š      nothing is completely autonomous

Š      self-suffiency means that you meet your physical needs

Š      being autonomous in some areas is more important than in other areas

Š      emotional autonomy vs. physical autonomy

Š      are we building good slaves or trying to reinvent the mind? Computers would make good slaves but the most helpful ones would be autonomous

Š      the Fungus Eater was never created; it was theoretical

Š      the less control you have over a system; the less you know about it

Š      a computer wouldn’t pick a niche for a long long time so its ok for humans to choose a niche for them

Š      the computer doesn’t have a choice; if it doesn’t plug itself in, it breaks down

Š      Roomba is self-suffient to its certain task/within its own context it is self-sufficient



Š      As long as its task doesn’t change—then it can be considered intelligent….you wouldn’t know if something is intelligent until its task changed

Š      It has to adapt to be self-sufficient

Š      There are certain ways to mimic our biology; visual systems, optical proccessers to do frequency for replicating hearing

Š      Body and environment are part of intelligence